Oral diseases are a trouble to get. And they’re even more troubling when you don’t know what type you’ve received. There is, after all, a benefit to understanding the types of dental diseases. The more you know, the more likely you can to prevent them.
When we talk about oral diseases, we talk about the ailments that affect the oral-facial area. These issues can affect your teeth, gums, linings of your mouth, and everything else in between. Among these ailments, however, the World Health Organization lists the following as some of the most common:
- Tooth decay
High up on the list is tooth decay. Tooth decay the leading cause of most dental woes. Cavities are a more common result of tooth decay. They are brought about by plaque and tartar buildup. More advanced stages of tooth decay can make your teeth vulnerable and more susceptible to other diseases. If a cavity penetrates the dental pulp chamber, it can lead to more severe infections and abscesses. And without proper treatment, eventual tooth loss.
- Gum disease
Gum disease is another consequence of plaque and tartar buildup. It is another common type of infection in teeth. Bacteria from the buildup initially irritate the gums. This irritation causes an ailment known as gingivitis. Gingivitis itself doesn’t necessarily lead to periodontitis. It can if left untreated. In periodontitis, the bacteria creates pockets in between the gum and bone. These pockets can further collect debris. Without the proper treatment, the pockets might deepen. As they deepen, the bone and connective tissue that holds the teeth begin to break down. It’s no wonder, then, why gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adult populations.
- Cleft lip and palate
While most oral diseases arise from poor hygiene, cleft lip and palate mostly comes from genetics. For the most part, it is passed down through the family. However, it can also be influenced by a variety of environmental factors. Mothers with diabetes and make use of specific medicines might have a higher risk of birthing babies with a cleft. While curable, however, children with this condition may be vulnerable to other oral diseases. They may also have a bit of difficulty speaking or eating.
- HIV-related oral conditions
Some people with HIV may manifest it through the mouth. This manifestation may come in the form of lesions. These lesions can predispose a patient to other conditions ripe for oral disease. Such circumstances include dry mouth and eating complications.
- Oral cancer
Oral cancer is a common type of cancer in the Asia-Pacific region. It usually affect the lips, the pharynx, and the rest of the oral cavity. In areas where this is common, affected persons are usually exposed to tobacco and alcohol products. These products are known to increase the risk of such cancers.
This disease often preys on those with compromised immune systems, such as children. Noma is an infectious disease that causes cell death in the oral cavity. If left for too long, it can kill the soft and hard tissues of the face. Fortunately, it is not irreversible. If detected early, it can be halted with good oral hygiene and a dose of antibiotics.